|Earl Russell Browder
helped organize the Communist Party in the United
States, and was its candidate for President in
1936 and 1940.
|Eugene Victor Debs
became a believer in Socialism after spending six
months in jail for leading a railroad strike. A
founder of the Socialist Party of America in
1904, he was that party's candidate for President
in 1904, 1908, 1912, and 1920. His last campaign
was conducted while serving time in a federal
prison for criticizing the United States's entry
into World War I.
|Norman Matoon Thomas
was a Presbyterian pastor who became a member of
the Socialist Party of America just priot to U.S.
entry into World War I. In addition to writing
numerous books and articles about Socialism and
Socialist causes, he was also the Socialist
Party's candidate for President every election
year between 1928 and 1948.
Wayland was the publisher of The
Coming Nation and Appeal to Reason,
the two most popular socialist journals ever
published in the United States.