|The Dalton Gang
in Kansas, this band of bank and train robbers
enjoyed success until it tried to rob two banks
at the same time.
Gratton Hanley "Grat" Dalton
was born near Lawrence, Kansas, on March 30,
1861. He was living in California when his
brother Frank, a U.S. Deputy Marshal for the
Federal Court of Fort Smith, Arkansas, was shot
and killed in an ambush. Grat returned to Indian
Territory and picked up where Frank left off,
becoming a U.S. Deputy Marshal for the Muskogee
Court. But he soon got a bad reputation as a
lawman, and decided to go to the other side of
the law and started robbing trains.
Robert Rennick "Bob" Dalton
was born near Belton, Missouri, on May 13, 1869,
and raised on the border of Indian Territory near
Coffeyville, Kansas. Before becoming an outlaw,
he was a U.S. Deputy Marshal for the Federal
Court in Wichita, Kansas, working in and out of
the Osage Nation.
Dalton was also born near Belton,
Missouri, on May 3, 1871. He was working as a
cowboy on the Bar X Bar Ranch near the Pawnee
Agency when he met most of his fellow gang
William St. Power, alias Bill Power,
alias Tom Evans was a drifter. He met
Emmett Dalton while working on a ranch in Indian
Dick Broadwell came from a
prominent family near Hutchinson, Kansas. At the
opening of Oklahoma Territory he staked a claim
to a homestead in the Cowboy Flats area. He met
and fell in love with the young lady who owned
the homestead next to his and asked her to marry
him. She agreed and persuaded him to sell both
claims and move with her to Fort Worth, Texas,
where she disappeared with the money. He returned
to the territories and started working on area
ranches. It was during this period that he met
Charlie Pierce came from the
Blue River country in Missouri. He fled to the
Indian Nation to avoid trouble in Missouri, and
settled in the Pawnee country. He spent time in
the Fort Smith jail for whiskey peddling before
meeting up with the Daltons.
George "Bitter Creek"
Newcomb was from Fort Scott, Kansas. At
the age of twelve he began working as a cowboy
for C.C. Slaughter on the Long S Ranch in Texas.
He later drifted into Indian and Oklahoma
Charlie "Black-Faced" Bryant
was from Wise County, Texas. His nickname
referred to a black mark on his cheek that came
from a powder burn.
March 21, 1890 -- Pawhaska,
Indian Territory -- Bob and Emmett Dalton
are arrested on charges of introducing
intoxicating liquor into the Osage Nation.
July 1890 -- Claremore,
Indian Territory -- Bob, Grat and Emmett
Dalton are accused of stealing horses. Bob and
Emmett flee to California. Grat is arrested, but
subsequently released for lack of evidence; he
then joined his brothers in California.
February 6, 1891 -- Alila,
California -- A Southern Pacific train is
robbed. Grat and Bill Dalton are arrested for the
crime, while Bob and Emmett flee to Oklahoma.
May 1891 --Wharton,
Oklahoma Territory -- Five members of the
Gang rob a Santa Fe train, making away with $500.
August 1891 -- Hennessy,
Oklahoma Territory -- Deputy Marshal Ed
Short arrests Charley Bryant. While taking him to
Wichita, Kansas, the prisoner secures a handgun.
Both men are killed in the ensuing gunfight.
September 1891 -- Lillietta,
Indian Territory -- Four members of the gang
rob a Missouri Kansas & Texas train, making
away with $2,500.
September 18, 1891 -- California
-- Grat Dalton escapes from jail and returns to
Oklahoma to join up with his brothers.
June 1, 1892 -- Red Rock,
Oklahoma Territory -- Seven members of the
gang rob a Santa Fe train and make away with $50.
July 14, 1892 -- Adair,
Indian Territory -- Eight members of the
gang rob a Missouri Kansas & Texas train. In
a shoot-out with railroad guards, an innocent
bystander is killed, another wounded. Two guards
are also wounded. Total amount of take is never
Raid on Coffeyville
Following the Adair train robbery the Dalton
Gang split up and went their separate ways. With
the law on their trail, the Daltons decided to
carry out one last robbery and get enough money
to leave the country. A plan was devised to rob
two banks in the same town at the same time, thus
getting the money they needed while also going
down in history by accomplishing something that
no other gang had ever even attempted. The
perfect town for the robbery was Coffeyville,
Kansas, their old home town.
Early in the morning of October 5, 1892, Bob,
Grat and Emmett Dalton, along with Bill Power and
Dick Broadwell, rode into Coffeyville and tied
their horses in the alley across from the town's
two banks. Bob and Emmett walked into the First
National Bank, while the other three went into
the Condon Bank. But the Daltons' plan began
going wrong almost as soon as they rode into
At least one Coffeyville citizen recognized
the Daltons and notified the Marshall. While the
bandits were inside the banks, citizens were
arming themselves with weapons and taking up
positions to defend the town. Meanwhile, Cashier
C.M. Ball of the Condon Bank stalled the robbers
by claiming that the time lock on the vault had
not released. As the gangs emerged from the two
banks they found themselves under fire from the
The ensuing gunfight lasted no more than
twelve minutes. By the time it was over four of
the bandits -- Bob and Grat Dalton, Bill Power,
and Dick Broadwell -- were dead and Emmett Dalton
was seriously wounded. Four Coffeyville citizens
-- including the town Marshall -- were also
killed, and another three were wounded.
The citizens of Coffeyville put the bodies of
the four dead gang members on public display and
sent copies of the photo below to major
newspapers across the country.
Bob and Grat Dalton, along with
Bill Powers, were buried in Elmwood Cemetery in
Coffeyville. Broadwell's body was returned to
Hutchinson, Kansas, by his relatives.
In March 1893, Emmett Dalton
pled guilty to murder, and was sentenced to life
in the state prison at Lansing, Kansas, by Judge
J.D. McCue of the Montgomery County District
Court. He spent 15 years in prison before winning
a parole from Kansas Governor Hoch, on November
4, 1907. On September 1, 1908, he married Julie
Johnson Gilstrap Lewis, in Bartlesville,
Oklahoma. The couple lived in Bartlesville for a
couple of years before moving to California. The
remaining years of Emmett's life were spent on
the stage, writing a book on the Dalton family
and the Raid, and as a real estate dealer in
California. In May 1931, the couple returned to
Coffeyville for a visit, and were treated as
celebrities. While there, Emmett had a marker
placed on his brothers' graves. He died in Long
Beach, California, on July 13, 1937.
Bill Doolin, Bitter Creek
Newcomb, and Charlie Pierce continued to
terrorize the territories for several more years.
Along with another Dalton boy, Bill, they came to
be known as the Doolin-Dalton Gang.
Emmett Dalton: His Life After the
Coffeyville Raid www.kayempea.net
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