served as First Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist
Party from 1968 to 1969. During his tenure he attempted
to introduce reforms into the Party and allow
"Socialism with a human face." His attempts
were stopped by the Soviet Union, however, and he was
forced into exile.
was a playwright who became an activist following the
Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. In 1989
he was elected the first President of the Czechsolovak
Socialist Republic. In 1993 he became the first President
of the Czech Republic.
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