|Important Dates in the Philippines
Magellan landed in the Philippines.
1543 Spanish Admiral Ruy Lopez de
Villalobos visited the islands. He named them Las
Felipinas in honor of the prince who became King
Philip II of Spain.
1565 The Spanish established their first
permanent settlement in the Philippines, on Cebu Island.
1571 The city of Manila was founded.
1762-1764 The British occupied
1834 The Spanish opened Manila to
1896 The Spanish executed Josť Rizal, a leader of the
Philippines reform movement. Emilio Aguinaldo led a
revolt against the Spanish.
1898 Spain ceded the Philippines to the
United States after the Spanish-American
1899-1901 Aguinaldo led a revolt against
Howard Taft became the first American Governor of the
1916 The United States Congress granted
the Philippines the right to elect its own Senate (it
already had a popularly elected House of
1935 The Commonwealth of the
Philippines was established and Manuel Quezon became the
1935 The United States sent General
Douglas MacArthur to act as military adviser in
preparation for potential Japanese aggression.
December 8, 1941 Japanese troops
invaded the Philippines.
March 11, 1942 General MacArthur was
forced to evacuate the Philippines.
May 6, 1942 The Japanese capture of the
Philippines was completed.
October 20, 1944 United States forces
landed at Leyte island.
July 5, 1945 General MacArthur announced
the liberation of the Philippines.
1945 The Philippines became a United
Nations charter member.
1946 The Republic of the Philippines was
established and Manuel Roxas became its first President.
1947 The Philippines and the United
States signed a military assistance pact, which included
the granting of a 99-year lease to the United States on
designated military, naval, and air bases.
1950-1954 The Philippine Army
defeated the Communist-led Huk rebels.
1954 The Philippines joined the
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
1962 The Philippines claimed British
North Borneo (later called Sabah).
Marcos became the first President to be elected to a
second full term.
1973 A plebiscite gave Marcos the
right to remain in office beyond the expiration of his
term (December 1973).
1976 The capital was moved from Quezon
City to Manila.
1986 Marcos and his wife were forced
to flee the country; they eventually found exile in the
United States. Corazon Aquino,
widow of a former Marcos opponent, became President.
Pinatubo on Luzon erupted.
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