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The Philippines in 1978

Population 45,028,000
President
Ferdinand Marcos

An interim National Assembly was elected on April 7. When it was inaugurated on June 12 it became the first legislative body to take office since President Marcos declared martial law in 1972. Marcos took the additional title of Premier at the same time. As President, Marcos continued to have the power to rule by decree, but his veto of Assembly decisions could be overridden by a two-thirds vote. The new Assembly had 165 elected members in a total of 200 members. A 27-member Cabinet was sworn in June 11, with Imelda R. Marcos, the president's wife, as one of the members.

The Assembly elections were controversial, with charges of fraud, police intimidation, and other irregularities being made by the Laban (People's Front) Party. The largest demonstration against the government since imposition of martial law was held in Manila on the eve of voting, and public protests continued after the votes were counted.

Former Senator Lorenzo Tanada gestures and shouts defiance after being arrested during antigovernment protests in April.
Lorenzo Tanada

SEE ALSO
Ferdinand Marcos

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Asia >> Philippines >> History

This page was last updated on August 17, 2017.