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A Timeline of Pakistan History

ca 1500 B.C. The Aryans came into the Punjab region.
ca 500s B.C. The Persians conquered the Punjab and made it part of the Achaemenid Empire.
526 B.C. Alexander the Great took control of most of what is now Pakistan.
ca 230 B.C. Greeks from the independent state of Bactria invaded the Indus Valley.
ca 100 B.C. Scythians from Afghanistan came into Baluchistan and Sind.

ca 50 to mid-200s A.D. The Kushans ruled what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northwestern India.
mid-300s The Indus Valley became part of the Gupta Empire.
mid-400s Huns from central Asia conquered the empire.

711 Arab Muslims invaded Sind.

ca 1000 Turkish Muslims invaded northern Pakistan from Iran.

1206 Most of what is now Pakistan became part of the Delhi Sultanate.

1526 Babar, a Muslim ruler from Afghanistan, invaded India and established the Mogul Empire.

1740s The East India Company gained political control over much of India.
1858 The British government took over control of the East India Company. All the company's territory became known as British India.

1875 Syed Admad Khan founded the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College (now Aligarh Muslim University) in Aligarh.

1906 The Muslim League was formed.

1940 The Muslim League demanded partition of India along religious lines.
1947 Britain and Hindu leaders agreed to the partition.

August 14, 1947 Pakistan became an independent dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations.

1948-1949 India and Pakistan went to war over Kashmir.
1948 Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan's first head of state, died.

1951 Prime Minister Liaqat Ali Khan was assassinated.
Pakistan became a republic.
October 7, 1958 President Iskander Mirza suspended the 1956 Constitution, imposed martial law, and canceled the elections scheduled for January 1959.
October 27, 1958 President Mirza was sent into exile and General Mohammad Ayub Khan assumed control of a military dictatorship.

1967 The Mangla Dam on the Jhelum River was completed.
1969 General Khan resigned as leader of Pakistan and handed control of the government to General Agha Mohammed Yahya Khan.

1970 A cyclone and tidal wave struck East Pakistan, killing about 200,000 persons.
March 26, 1971 East Pakistan declared itself an independent nation called Bangladesh.
December 1971
Yahya Khan resigned the presidency and handed over leadership of West Pakistan to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
1973 President Bhutto promulgated a new Constitution.
The Tarbela Dam on the Indus River was completed.
July 5, 1977 The military removed Bhutto from power and arrested him, declared martial law, and suspended portions of the 1973 Constitution. Chief of Army Staff General Muhammad Zia ul-Haq took control of the government.
1979 Pakistan formally joined the Non-Aligned Movement.
April 6, 1979 Bhutto was executed for crimes committed during his presidency.

August 17, 1988 A plane carrying President Zia, American Ambassador Arnold Raphael, U.S. Brigadier General Herbert Wassom, and 28 Pakistani military officers crashed near Bahawalpur, killing all of its occupants. Chairman of the Senate Ghulam Ishaq Khan became Acting President.
November 1988 Benazir Bhutto formed a coalition government with several smaller parties.

August 1990 President Khan dismissed the Bhutto government and dissolved the national and provincial assemblies.
October 1990 Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was elected Prime Minister by the National Assembly.
April 1993 President Khan dismissed the Sharif government.
May 1993 The Pakistan Supreme Court reinstated the Sharif government.
July 1993 President Khan and Prime Minister Sharif both resigned their offices. Moeen Qureshi took office as head of an interim government.
October 1993 Benazir Bhutto was elected Prime Minister.
November 1993 Farooq Leghari was elected President.
November 1996 President Leghari dismissed the Bhutto government.

February 1997 Nawaz Sharif became Prime Minister.
March 1997 The National Assembly amended the Constitution to strip the President of the power to dismiss the government.
December 1997 President Leghari resigned; he was replaced by Rafiq Tarar.
October 12, 1999 The army deposed Sharif.
October 14, 1999 Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf declared himself Chief Executive.

May 12, 2000 The Supreme Court unanimously validated the October 1999 coup and granted Musharraf executive and legislative authority for three years from the coup date.
June 20, 2001 Musharraf named himself as President and was sworn in.
November 2003 Pakistan declared a Kashmir ceasefire; India followed suit.
June 2004 Pakistan mounted its first military offensive against suspected Al-Qaeda militants and their supporters in tribal areas near the Afghan border.
October 2007 Ex-prime minister Benazir Bhutto returned from exile.
November 2007 Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif returned from exile.
December 2007 Benazir Bhutto was assassinated at an election campaign rally in Rawalpindi.
August 2008 President Musharraf resigned after the two main governing parties agreed to launch impeachment proceedings against him.
September 2008 Asif Ali Zardari, the widower of Benazir Bhutto, was elected President.
April 2011 The founder of Al-Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, was killed by American special forces in Abbottabad.

See Also

East India Company
Commonwealth of Nations
Agha Mohammed Yahya Khan

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The Robinson Library >> Pakistan

This page was last updated on October 10, 2018.