|Important Dates in India
232 B.C. Emperor Asoka died. 320-500
The Gupta Dynasty unified northern India. 1526
The Mogul Empire was established. 1774
The first British Governor General of India took
office. 1885 The Indian National
Congress was formed. August 1, 1947
India became independent.
established the Mogul Empire in India. His rule
began with the conquest of the Sultanate of Delhi
in 1526, and ended with his own death in 1530.
|The East India Company
was founded at the end of the 16th century to
control all trading between Great Britain and
India. By the time its charter was revoked in
1873, it controlled virtually all aspects of
Indian society, including its government.
Sepoy Rebellion (Indian Mutiny) of 1857
began when Indian soliders in the Bengal Army
revolted against their British officers. Before the mutiny was finally put down
in 1859, it had spread over a large part of
northern India and resulted in the end of the
British East India Company.
Chandra Pal preached the ideal of Swaraj
(complete independence), which he said could only
be won by extremist measures such as the
boycotting of British-made goods, lockouts in
British-owned businesses, and the burning of
|Bal Gangadhar Tilak
based his independence movement on
the principles of swadeshi (reliance on
indigenous products), boycott, and education.
Considered by many to be the first mass leader of
the Indian independence movement, Tilak was seen
by the British as a dangerous threat to their
Gandhi began his campaign of civil disobedience
(satyagraha) that was to become his
trademark in South Africa, and then carried it
into India. It was this campaign that ultimately
led to India gaining its independence in 1947.
was a leader of India's independence movement,
and then served as India's first Prime Minister.
Under his leadership, India became an
industrialized nation, the national income was
greatly increased, women's rights were
instituted, and India was a staunchly nonaligned