|1757 The British East India Company
gained control of Bengal after Robert Clive won
the Battle of Plassey.
Warren Hastings, the first British Governor
General of India, took office.
1858 The British crushed the Sepoy Rebellion.
1858 The British government
took over the rule of India.
1870's The Indian
independence movement began to grow.
1878-1881 Indian troops under
British officers defeated Afghanistan in the
Second Afghan War.
1885 India defeated Burma in
the Third Burmese War.
1885 The Indian National
Congress was formed.
1906 The Muslim League was
1909 The British government
passed the Morley-Minto Reforms, enlarging the
legislative councils in the provinces to include
elected Indians for the first time.
1914-1918 The Indian people
Britain in World
1919 The Montagu-Chelmsford
Reforms greatly increased the powers of the
1919 On April 13, a British
general ordered his troops to fire on a restless,
unarmed crowd at Amritsar. Almost 400 Indians
were killed, and at least 1,200 more wounded.
Gandhi became leader of the Indian National
Congress, and started a program of nonviolent
disobedience against the British.
1935 The British government
created a new Indian constitution that gave
Indians more political power.
1939 India declared war on
Germany, on September 3.
1940 The Muslim League
demanded that a separate Muslim country, Pakistan, be
carved out of India.