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Kingdom of Morocco

Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah

Location northern Africa
Bordered By
Algeria, Western Sahara


Area 172,414 sq mi (446,550 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 760 mi (1,223 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 437 mi (703 km)
Coastline 846 mi (1,362 km)
Highest Point Jebel Toubkal; 13,665 ft (4,165 m)
Lowest Point Sebkha Tah; -180 ft (-55 m)
Natural Resources
phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

Nationality Moroccan
Population (2014 est)
Largest Cities Casablanca, Rabat, Fès, Marrakech
Ethnic Groups Arab-Berber
Religions Muslim (official)
Arabic (official), Berber languages, French

Capital Rabat
Form of Government constitutional monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted July 1, 2011
Chief of State
King Mohammed VI (since July 30, 1999)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Saad-Eddine al-Othmani (since March 17, 2017)
Council of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister
bicameral Parliament
Supreme Court
Local Administration
15 regions

Currency dirham
Per Capita Income
phosphate mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, energy, tourism
Agricultural Products
barley, wheat, citrus fruits, grapes, vegetables, olives; livestock; wine
Export Commodities
clothing and textiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish
Import Commodities
crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics

Independence from France Achieved March 2, 1956
National Holiday
Throne Day, July 30 (accession of King Mohammed VI to the throne in 1999
red with a green pentacle (five-pointed, linear star) known as Sulayman's (Solomon's) seal in the center of the flag; red and green are traditional colors in Arab flags; the pentacle represents the five pillars of Islam and signifies the association between God and the nation; design dates to 1912


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Morocco

This page was last updated on October 05, 2017.