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Kalaallit Nunaat

Location northern North America, an island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean

map of Greenland

Area 840,004 sq mi (2,175,600 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,660 mi (2,670 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 750 mi (1,210 km)
Coastline 8,650 mi (13,920)
Highest Elevation Mount Gunnbjørn; 12,139 ft (3,700 m)
Lowest Elevation sea level along coast
Natural Resources coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas

Nationality Greenlander
Population (July 2015 est) 57,733
Ethnic Groups Greenlander, Danish
Religions Evangelical Lutheran
Languages Greenlandic, Danish, English

Capital Nuuk
Dependency Status self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark, since 1979
Present Constitution Adopted June 5, 1953 (Danish constitution)
Type of Government parliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy
Chief of State Queen Margrethe II of Denmark (since January 14, 1972)
Head of Government Prime Minister Kim Kielsen (since September 30, 2014)
Legislature unicameral Parliament (Landstinget)
Judiciary High Court (Landsret)
Local Administration 3 districts, 18 municipalities

Currency Danish Kroner (DKK)
Per Capita Income
Industries fish processing, gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining, handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards
Agricultural Products
forage crops, garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep, reindeer, fish
Export Commodities fish and fish products
Import Commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, petroleum products

National Holiday Longest Day, June 21
Flag two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of center; the top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white;
the design represents the sun reflecting off a field of ice; the colors are the same as those of the Danish flag and symbolize Greenland's links to the Kingdom of Denmark

flag of Greenland

Greenland Guide

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The Robinson Library >> Geography >> Arctic and Antarctic Regions

This page was last updated on 10/07/2017.