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On October 22nd...
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794 Emperor Kanmu relocated the Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
1383 King Fernando of Portugal died.
1746 Princeton University received its charter.
1797 Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first ever parachute descent from a balloon, in Paris, France.
1811 Composer Franz Liszt was born.
1836 Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
1843 Agricultural chemist Stephen Moulton Babcock was born.
1861 The first telegraph line linking the west and east coasts of the United States was completed.
1864 Confederate troops defeated Kansas militia troops at the Battle of the Big Blue (Missouri).
1881 The Boston Symphony Orchestra gave its first concert.
1884 The International Meridian Conference adopted Greenwich Mean Time worldwide, with 24 international time zones and longitude zero at the Greenwich Meridian.
1897 The world's first
automobile dealership opened in London, England.
Biologist George Wells Beadle was born.
1906 Painter Paul CÚzanne died.
Brothers Greatest Show on Earth bought Barnum &
1913 An explosion at a coal mine in Dawson, New Mexico, killed 263 miners.
1920 LSD proponent Timothy Leary was born.
1924 Toastmasters International was founded.
1926 J. Gordon Whitehead sucker-punched magician Harry Houdini in the stomach.
1928 Andrew Fisher, former Prime Minister of Australia, died.
1934 Armed robber and murderer Charles Arthur "Pretty Boy" Floyd was killed by law enforcement officers.
1938 Chester Carlson demonstrated the
first Xerox copying machine.
1948 Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, failed assassin of President Gerald Ford, was born.
1949 A train derailment near Nowy Dwor, Poland, killed about 200 persons.
1951 An earthquake killed about 100 persons in Formosa.
1952 Laos gained full independence from France.
1962 U.S. President John F. Kennedy publicly announced a U.S. naval blockade of Cuba in response to the Soviet Union installing missile bases on that island.
1963 225,000 students
boycotted Chicago, Illinois, schools in a "Freedom
1973 Cellist Pablo Casals died.
1975 The Soviet
spacecraft Venera 9 soft-landed on Venus.
1976 Red Dye No. 4 was banned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
1977 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 and 2 were launched into Earth orbit.
1979 The deposed Shah of Iran arrived in the United States for medical treatment.
1981 The Professional
Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified.
1992 Actor Cleavon Little died.
2008 India launched its first unmanned lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1.
2009 Comedian Soupy Sales died.
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This page was last updated on October 21, 2017.