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On October 14th...
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1066 William the Conqueror won the Battle of Hastings, assuring the conquest of England.
1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.
1586 Mary Queen of Scots went on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth.
1633 King James II of England was born.
1644 William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, was born.
1784 King Ferdinand VII of Spain was born.
1806 Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Prussians at Jena and Austerstädt.
1834 Henry Blair became the first black to be awarded a patent in the United States, for a corn planter.
1867 The 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun resigned in Japan.
1882 Eamon de Valera, President of the Irish Republic, was born.
1884 George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film.
1890 Dwight David Eisenhower, 34th President of the United States, was born.
1893 Actress Lillian Gish was born.
1894 Poet E.E. Cummings was born.
1908 The Baseball Writers Association of America was formed.
1912 Former President Theodore Roosevelt barely escaped an assassination attempt.
1913 An explosion at the Senghenydd Colliery killed 439 people, making it the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident ever.
1916 C. Everett Koop, Surgeon General of the United States, was born.
1926 A.A. Milne's book Winnie the Pooh was published.
1927 Actor Roger Moore was born.
1930 Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, President of Zaire (as Mobutu Sese Seko), was born.
1938 John Dean, White House counsel under Richard Nixon, was born.
(Broadcast Music Incorporated) was formed.
1940 Singer Cliff Richard was born.
1944 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide.
1947 Chuck Yeager became the first human to break the sound barrier.
1952 Actor Harry Anderson was born.
1956 Playwright Owen Davis died.
1957 Queen Elizabeth II became the first reigning British monarch to open the Canadian Parliament.
1958 A bomb explosion
damaged a Reform Jewish temple in Peoria, Illinois.
1959 Actor Errol Flynn died.
1962 Flemish- and French-speaking Belgians clashed in Brussels.
1968 The first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7 back to earth.
1969 The first Soviet international satellite, Intercosmos 1, was laiunched.
1977 Singer Bing Crosby died.
1990 Conductor Leonard Bernstein died.
1997 Author Harold Robbins died.
1998 Musician Frankie Yankovic died.
1999 Julius Nyerere, the first President of Tanzania, died
2006 Singer Freddy Fender died.
2012 Former U.S. Senator Arlen Specter died.
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This page was last updated on October 13, 2017.