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On March 23rd...

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Pakistan Day

1657 France and England formed an alliance against Spain.

Patrick Henry1775 Patrick Henry declared "Give me liberty, or give me death!"

1783 American revolutionary spokesman James Otis died.

1794 Josiah Pierson patented a "cold-header" (rivet) machine.

1806 The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the Pacific coast.

1818 Union Army General Don Carlos Buell was born.

1823 American politician Schuyler Colfax was born.

1839 "OK" ("oll korrect") was used for the first time in the Boston Morning Post.

Elisha Otis1857 Elisha Otis installed the first modern passenger elevator in a public building.
Fannie Farmer1857 Fannie Merritt Farmer, author of the first cookbook to use standardized measurements, was born.

1858 Eleazer A. Gardner patented the streetcar.

President Andrew Johnson1867 The U.S. Congress passed the 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto.

1868 The University of California was founded.

1880 John Stevens patented the flour rolling mill.

1881 Novelist Roger Martin du Gard was born.

1889 Oklahoma Territory was opened to white colonization.

Wright Brothers1903 The Wright Brothers patented their airplane.

1905 Actress Joan Crawford was born.

1912 The Dixie Cup was invented.
1912 Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun was born.

Benito Mussolini1919 Benito Mussolini formed the Fascist Movement in Milan, Italy.

1922 The first airplane landed at the U.S. Capitol.
1922 Comedian Marty Allen was born.

1925 Tennessee became the first state to outlaw the teaching of evolution.

1929 The first telephone was installed in the White House.
Roger Bannister1929 Roger Bannister, the first man to break the four-minute-mile, was born.

1940 "Truth or Consequences" debuted on CBS Radio.

1942 The United States ordered the detention of Japanese-Americans.

Battle of Okinawa1945 1,500 U.S. Navy ships bombed the Japanese island of Okinawa.

1949 Singer Ric Ocasek was born.

World Meteorological Organization1950 The World Meteorological Organization was created.

1955 Basketball player Moses Malone was born.

Pakistan1956 Pakistan declared itself a republic.

Project Gemini1965 Astronauts Virgil Grissom and John Young made the first Project Gemini manned flight.

New England Patriots1971 The Boston Patriots became the New England Patriots.

1976 The International Bill of Rights went into effect.

1987 The soap opera "Bold and Beautiful" premiered on CBS-TV.

Mir2001 The Soviet space station Mir was deliberately de-orbited.

2011 Actress Elizabeth Taylor died.

2016 Baseball player Joe Garagiola died.
2016 Actor Ken Howard died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on September 21, 2017.