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On March 11th...
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1513 Giovanni de Medici was elected Pope; he subsequently took the name Leo X.
1514 Architect and engineer Donato Bramante died.
1544 Italian poet Torquato Tasso was born.
1779 The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was established.
1819 Edwin Drake, driller of the first commercially successful oil well in the world, was born.
1820 Fur trader and explorer Sir Alexander Mackenzie died.
1823 Concord Academy, the first normal school in the U.S. opened, in Concord, Vermont.
1857 Irish revolutionary Thomas James Clarke was born.
1861 The Confederate States of America adopted a permanent constitution.
1864 More than 250 people were killed when a dam burst near Sheffield, England.
1874 Charles Sumner, U.S. Senator, died.
1892 The first public basketball game was played at Springfield, Massachusetts.
1898 Union Army General William S. Rosecrans died.
1899 King Frederick IX of Denmark was born.
1903 Band leader Lawrence Welk was born.
1916 James Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of Great Britain, was born.
1926 Civil rights activist Ralph David Abernathy was born.
1931 Businessman Rupert Murdoch was born.
1934 Television newscaster Sam Donaldson was born.
1935 Hermann Goering officially created the German Air Force, aka the Luftwaffe.
1936 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia was born.
1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Lend Lease Act, allowing the U.S. to provide military aid to European allies.
1950 Singer Bobby McFerrin was born.
1952 Author Douglas Adams was born.
1953 An American B-47 accidentally dropped a nuclear bomb on Mars Bluff, South Carolina; fortunately it did not detonate.
Alexander Fleming, discoverer of penicillin, died.
1957 Richard E. Byrd, Antarctic and Arctic explorer, aviator, and navigator, died.
1970 Author Erle Stanley Gardner died.
1971 Philo T. Farnsworth, the inventor of television, died.
1982 Israel's Menachem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat signed a peace treaty in Washington, D.C.
1986 The National Football League adopted the instant replay rule.
1997 Former Beatles
member Paul McCartney was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
2010 Football player Merlin Olsen died.
2011 Japan was hit by a magnitude 8.9 earthquake, the most powerful in that nation's recorded history.
2016 Musician Keith Emerson died.
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This page was last updated on September 21, 2017.