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On March 3rd...

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Hina Matsuri (Japan)

1284 The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England.

1455 King Joćo II of Portugal was born.

Robert Hooke1703 Scientist Robert Hooke died.

1791 The U.S. Mint was established by Congress.

1794 Richard Allen founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church.

1812 The United States passed its first foreign aid bill, to help Venezuela earthquake vicitims.

1813 The Office of Surgeon General of the U.S. Army was created.

1815 The United States declared war on Algiers for taking prisoners and demanding tribute.

Missouri Compromise1820 The Missouri Compromise was passed.

George Pullman1831 Inventor and businessman George Pullman was born.

1837 The number of U.S. Supreme Court justices was increased from 7 to 9.
1837 The U.S. Congress recognized the Republic of Texas.

Jamsetji Tata1839 Jamsetji Nasarwanji Tata, Indian industrialist and philanthropist, was born.

1842 The first U.S. child labor law regulating working hours was passed by Massachusetts.

Florida1845 Florida was admitted as the 27th state.
1845 The U.S. Congress successfully overrode a presidential veto for the first time.

1847 The U.S. Post Office Department was authorized to issue postage stamps.
Alexander Graham Bell1847 Inventor Alexander Graham Bell was born.

1849 The Department of the Interior was created by act of Congress (as the Home Department).
1849 The Territory of Minnesota was organized.

1855 The U.S. Congress approved $30,000 to test camels for military use.
1855 The U.S. Congress authorized registered mail.

1862 Union forces under General Pope laid siege to New Madrid, Missouri.
Henry Kinney1862 Henry Kinney, early Texas pioneer and entrepreneur, died.

US Army Signal Corps1863 The U.S. Congress authorized a regular Army Signal Corps for the duration of the Civil War.
1863 The first
U.S. wartime military conscription bill was enacted.
1863 Idaho Territory was created.

1865 The U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established by President Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks.

1871 The U.S. Congress changed the status of Indian tribes from independent to dependent.
1871 The U.S. Congress established the Civil Service System.

1873 The U.S. Congress enacted the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.

Belva Ann Lockwood1879 Belva Ann Lockwood became the first woman to be admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

1882 The New York Steam Corporation began distributing steam to Manhattan buildings.
1882 Con man Charles Ponzi was born.

1883 The U.S. Congress authorized steel ships for the Navy.

1885 American Telephone & Telegraph was incorporated.
1885 The U.S. Congress passed the Indian Appropriations Act, making Indians wards of the federal government.

1887 Anne Sullivan began teaching Helen Keller.

1891 The U.S. Courts of Appeal was created.

1901 The National Bureau of Standards was created within the U.S. Department of Commerce.

1904 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany became the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.

1905 The U.S. Forest Service was formed.

Jean Harlow1911 Actress Jean Harlow was born.

1915 The U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics was created.

1918 Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

1920 Actor James Doohan was born.

1923 The first issue of Time magazine was published.

1930 Ion Iliescu, two-time President of Romania, was born.

Star-Spangled Banner1931 The Star-Spangled Banner was officially designated the national anthem of the United States.
Cab Calloway1931 Cab Calloway recorded "Minnie the Moocher," which subsequently became the first jazz record to record a million sales.

1952 Puerto Rico approved its first self-written constitution.

1959 Pioneer 4 was launched into space from Cape Canaveral.
1959 Comedian Lou Costello died.

1962 Track and field star Jackie Joyner-Kersee was born.
1962 Football player Herschel Walker was born.

1966 Actor William Frawley died.

USS Nautilus1980 The USS Nautilus, first nuclear powered ship in the world, was decommissioned.

1985 Willie Shoemaker became the first jockey to surpass $100 million in winnings.

Danny Kaye1987 Entertainer Danny Kaye died.

Arthur Murray1991 Dance school founder Arthur Murray died.

1993 Albert Sabin, developer of the oral polio vaccine, died.

Pioneer Program1997 The scientific mission of Pioneer 10 came to an end.

Fred Friendly1998 Fred Friendly, pioneer in radio and television news programming, died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on October 27, 2017.