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On March 3rd...
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Hina Matsuri (Japan)
1284 The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England.
1455 King Joćo II of Portugal was born.
1703 Scientist Robert Hooke died.
1791 The U.S. Mint was established by Congress.
1794 Richard Allen founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church.
1812 The United States passed its first foreign aid bill, to help Venezuela earthquake vicitims.
1813 The Office of Surgeon General of the U.S. Army was created.
1815 The United States declared war on Algiers for taking prisoners and demanding tribute.
1820 The Missouri Compromise was passed.
1831 Inventor and businessman George Pullman was born.
number of U.S. Supreme Court justices was increased from
7 to 9.
1839 Jamsetji Nasarwanji Tata, Indian industrialist and philanthropist, was born.
1842 The first U.S. child labor law regulating working hours was passed by Massachusetts.
Florida was admitted as the 27th state.
U.S. Post Office Department was authorized to issue
Department of the Interior was created by act of Congress
(as the Home Department).
U.S. Congress approved $30,000 to test camels for
forces under General Pope laid siege to New Madrid,
The U.S. Congress authorized a regular Army Signal Corps for the duration of the Civil War.
1865 The U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established by President Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks.
1871 The U.S. Congress
changed the status of Indian tribes from independent to
1873 The U.S. Congress enacted the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
1879 Belva Ann Lockwood became the first woman to be admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
1882 The New
York Steam Corporation began distributing steam to
1883 The U.S. Congress authorized steel ships for the Navy.
1885 American Telephone
& Telegraph was incorporated.
1887 Anne Sullivan began teaching Helen Keller.
1891 The U.S. Courts of Appeal was created.
1901 The National Bureau of Standards was created within the U.S. Department of Commerce.
1904 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany became the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
1905 The U.S. Forest Service was formed.
1911 Actress Jean Harlow was born.
1915 The U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics was created.
1918 Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
1920 Actor James Doohan was born.
1923 The first issue of Time magazine was published.
1930 Ion Iliescu, two-time President of Romania, was born.
The Star-Spangled Banner was officially designated the national anthem
of the United States.
1952 Puerto Rico approved its first self-written constitution.
Pioneer 4 was launched into space from Cape Canaveral.
Track and field star Jackie Joyner-Kersee was born.
1966 Actor William Frawley died.
1980 The USS Nautilus, first nuclear powered ship in the world, was decommissioned.
1985 Willie Shoemaker became the first jockey to surpass $100 million in winnings.
1987 Entertainer Danny Kaye died.
1991 Dance school founder Arthur Murray died.
1993 Albert Sabin, developer of the oral polio vaccine, died.
1997 The scientific mission of Pioneer 10 came to an end.
1998 Fred Friendly, pioneer in radio and television news programming, died.
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This page was last updated on October 27, 2017.