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On March 1st...

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1565 The Portuguese established Rio de Janeiro as the capital of Brazil.

1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba were arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.

1780 Pennsylvania became the first US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only).

Articles of Confederation1781 The Articles of Confederation became the law of the land when Maryland became the thirteenth state to ratify them.

1790 The first U.S. census was authorized.

1792 The U.S. Presidential Succession Act was passed.

Ohio1803 Ohio became the 17th state.

1809 The Embargo Act of 1807 was repealed.
1809 The Non-Intercourse Act was signed.

William Dean Howells1837 Novelist William Dean Howells was born.

Blanche Kelso Bruce1841 Blanche Kelso Bruce, the first Black to be elected to the U.S. Senate for a full term, was born.

1845 President John Tyler signed a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas.

1847 Michigan became the first English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state).

Augustus Saint-Gaudens1848 Sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens was born.

1854 The SS City of Glasgow left Liverpool harbor and was never seen again.

1864 Louis Ducos du Hauron patented a movie machine (it was never built).
1864 Rebecca Lee became the first black woman to receive a medical degree.

Nebraska1867 Nebraska became the 37th state.
1867 Howard University was chartered.

Yellowstone National Park1872 Yellowstone National Park was created by the U.S. Congress.

Henri Becquerel1896 Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity.

1904 Bandleader Glenn Miller was born.

1909 The first university-based school of nursing in the United States was established by the University of Minnesota.
1909 Actor David Niven was born.

1912 Captain Albert Berry performed the first parachute jump from an airplane.
1912 Isabella Goodwin became the first female police detective in the United States, in New York City.

1913 North Dakota became the first state to require the bonding of officers and state employees.
1913 The federal income tax authorized by the 16th Amendment went into effect.

1917 The first federal land bank was chartered.

1922 Mad Magazine publisher William M. Gaines was born.
1922 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was born.

1924 Astronaut Deke Slayton was born.

1926 Actor Robert Clary was born.
1926 NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle was born.

1927 Singer Hary Belafonte was born.
Robert Bork1927 Jurist Robert Bork was born.
George Monroe Beebe1927 George Monroe Beebe, U.S. Congressman, died.

1929 Actor Robert Conrad was born.

Charles Lindbergh1932 The infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh was kidnapped.

1933 Bank holidays were declared in six states, to prevent runs on banks.

1941 Captain America* made his first comic book appearance.
1941 The first commercial FM radio station in the United States went on the air, in Nashville, Tennessee.

1944 Singer Roger Daltrey was born.

1945 Actor Dirk Benedict was born.

International Monetary Fund1947 The International Monetary Fund officially began operations.
1947 Actor Alan Thicke was born.

1950 The first Boeing B-47A rolled off the assembly line in Wichita, Kansas.

1952 Seibel Helicopter Company was acquired by Cessna.

1954 Four Puerto Ricans opened fire in the U.S. House of Representatives, injuring five Representatives.
1954 Actress Catherine Bach was born.
1954 Actor Ron Howard was born.

1956 Actor Timothy Daly was born.

1961 The Peace Corps was established.

1966 Venera 3 became the first man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus).

1967 Actor George Eads was born.

Wilt Chamberlain1972 Wilt Chamberlain became the first NBA player to reach a career 30,000 points.

1973 Robyn Smith became the first female jockey to win a major horse race.

Nikolai Bulganin1975 Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of the Soviet Union, died.

1984 Actor Jackie Coogan died.

1994 Singer Justin Bieber was born.

2004 Terry Nichols was convicted of state murder charges and of being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on November 29, 2017.