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On July 24th...
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1534 Jacques Cartier landed in Canada and claimed it for France.
1567 Mary Queen of Scots was deposed and replaced by her one-year-old son James VI.
1581 The States of Holland and Zealand were recognized by Willem van Orange.
1701 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded a trading post at Fort Pontchartrain (now Detroit).
1704 The British took Gibraltar.
1783 Simón Bolivar, South American revolutionary, was born.
1800 Henry Shaw, founder of the Missouri Botanical Garden, was born.
1802 Author Alexandre Dumas the Elder was born.
Mormons settled what is now Salt Lake City.
1862 U.S. President Martin Van Buren died.
1863 The Battle of Battle Mountain was fought.
1864 The Battle of Winchester was fought.
1866 Tennessee became the first former Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union.
1870 Transamerican rail service began.
1897 Aviator Amelia Earhart was born.
1904 James R. Killian, Jr., president of M.I.T. and presidential science adviser, was born.
1905 Czar Nicholas II of Russia and Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany signed a mutual defense treaty.
1920 American politician Bella Abzug was born.
1923 The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, was signed in Switzerland.
1925 John Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution.
1929 President Herbert Hoover proclaimed the Kellogg-Briand Pact.
1936 Actress Ruth Buzzi was born.
1938 Instant coffee was invented.
1944 Russian soldiers liberated the Majdanek extermination camp.
1947 Comedian Gallagher was born.
1951 Actress Lynda Carter was born.
1954 British occupation of Egypt officially ended.
1959 U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev had a "Kitchen Debate" at the American National Exhibition in Moscow.
1961 Edwin Newman became news anchor of "Today Show."
1963 Basketball player Karl Malone was born.
1964 Baseball player Barry Bonds was born.
1966 Actor Montgomery Clift died.
Apollo 11 returned to Earth.
1974 The United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes.
1979 Actor Archie Duncan died.
1980 Actor Peter Sellers died.
Actor Chad Everett died.
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This page was last updated on December 28, 2017.