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On July 13th...
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1174 William I of Scotland was captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1558 Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeated the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
1568 The Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral perfected a way to bottle beer.
1590 Pope Clement X was born.
1787 The Northwest Ordinance was adopted by the Continental Congress.
1793 French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat was assassinated.
1832 Henry R. Schoolcraft discovered the source of the Mississippi River.
1862 The Battle of Murfreesboro (Tennessee) was fought.
Battle of Tupelo (Mississippi) was fought.
1865 P.T. Barnum's American Museum burned to the ground.
1882 "Wild West" outlaw Johnny Ringo committed suicide.
1890 Explorer John C. Frémont died.
1913 Talk show host Dave Garroway was born.
1917 A vision of the Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal.
1921 Nobel Prize-winning physicist Gabriel Lippmann died.
1923 The Hollywood Sign was officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles.
1928 Actor Bob Crane was born.
1935 American politician Jack Kemp was born.
1937 Emmett Dalton, "Wild West" outlaw, died.
1939 Frank Sinatra made his recording debut.
Paul Prudhomme was born.
Actor Harrison Ford was born.
1943 The greatest tank battle in history ended with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk.
1944 Erno Rubik, inventor of the Rubik's Cube, was born.
1946 Actor Cheech Marin was born.
1951 Composer Arnold Schoenberg died.
1954 Singer Louise Mandrell was born.
1955 Ruth Ellis became the last woman to be executed in the United Kingdom.
1956 Boxer Michael Spinks was born.
1966 Richard Speck murdered eight nurses in Chicago, Illinois.
1985 The "Live Aid" concert raised over $70 million for African famine relief.
1988 Sting performed his first Rain Forest benefit concert.
2006 Actor Red Buttons died.
2010 George Steinbrenner, owner of the New York Yankees, died.
2012 Film and television producer Richard D. Zanuck died.
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This page was last updated on July 12, 2017.