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On January 26th...

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Australia Day
Republic Day (India)

1340 King Edward III of England was proclaimed King of France.

1482 Pentateuch (the Jewish Bible) was first printed as a book, in Bolongna, Italy.

1500 Vicente Yáńez Pinzón became the first European to set foot in Brazil.

1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1736 King Stanislaw I of Poland abdicated his throne.

Karl XIV Johan1763 Karl XIV Johan, King of Sweden and Norway, was born.

1788 The city of Sydney, Australia, was founded.

Edward Jenner1823 Edward Jenner, physician who discovered the smallpox vaccine, died.

1837 Michigan was admitted as the 26th state.

1838 Tennessee became the first state to prohibit alcohol.

1841 Hong Kong was proclaimed a sovereign territory of the United Kingdom.

Louisiana1861 Louisiana seceded from the Union.

1862 President Abraham Lincoln issued General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive.

1863 The War Department authorized the Massachusetts Governor to recruit black troops.

Virginia1870 Virginia was readmitted to the Union.

1871 The U.S. income tax was repealed.

Douglas MacArthur1880 U.S. General Douglas MacArthur was born.

1884 Explorer Roy Chapman Andrews was born.

Abner Doubleday1893 Civil War General Abner Doubleday died.

Cullinan Diamond1905 The Cullinan Diamond, the world's largest diamond, was found.
1905 Maria von Trapp, of Sound of Music fame, was born.

1915 Rocky Mountain National Park was established.
1915 Actor William Hopper was born.

George Dewey1917 U.S. Admiral George Dewey died.

1920 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launched the Lincoln Motor Company.

1935 Baseball player/announcer Bob Uecker was born.

1939 Federal Hall National Monument was established.

1940 The Nazis forbade Polish-Jews from traveling on trains.

1942 The first U.S. forces in Europe during World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.

1945 Soviet forces reached the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1945 American politician Tom Pendergast died.

1946 Movie critic Gene Siskel was born.

1948 Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in the U.S. Armed Forces, was signed.

India1950 India became a republic.

1955 Guitarist Eddie Van Halen was born.

1958 Comedian Ellen DeGeneres was born.

1961 Hockey player Wayne Gretzky was born.

1962 "Crime boss" Lucky Luciano died.

1973 Actor Edward G. Robinson died.

1977 Basketball player Vince Carter was born.

1979 "Dukes of Hazzard" premiered on CBS-TV.
Nelson Rockefeller1979 Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, businessman, philanthropist, Governor of New York, and Vice-President of the United States, died.

1980 Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.

1983 Bear Bryant, University of Alabama football head coach, died.

1992 Actor Jose Ferrer died.

2016 Actor Tommy Kelly died.
2016 Actor Abe Vigoda died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on September 21, 2017.