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On August 23rd...
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1305 Scottish patriot William Wallace was executed.
1617 London, England, established the world's first one-way streets.
1723 Puritan leader Increase Mather died.
1754 King Louis XVI of France was born.
1769 Naturalist Georges Cuvier was born.
1784 The State of Franklin was proclaimed in what is now eastern Tennessee.
1785 American naval hero Oliver Hazard Perry was born.
1796 The African Methodist Episcopal Church was incorporated.
1813 Ornithologist Alexander Wilson died.
1833 The United Kingdom abolished slavery in all of its colonies.
1869 Poet and biographer Edgar Lee Masters was born.
1889 The first ship-to-shore wireless message in the United States was received in San Francisco.
1900 The National Negro Business League was organized in Boston.
1904 The automobile tire chain was patented.
1914 Japan declared war on Germany.
1919 The comic strip "Gasoline Alley" premiered in the Chicago Tribune.
1923 Captain Lowell Smith and Lieutenant John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling, on a De Havilland DH-4B, and set an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
1926 Silent film star Rudolph Valentino died.
1932 Political satirist Mark Russell was born.
1934 Actress Barbara
Eden was born.
1939 The Soviet Union and Germany signed a non-aggression pact.
1940 Actor Richard Sanders was born.
1942 The last cavalry charge in history took place at Izbushensky.
1944 Romania was liberated from the Nazis.
1946 Drummer Keith Moon was born.
1948 The World Council of Churches was formed by 147 churches from 44 countries.
1949 Actress Shelley
Long was born.
1951 Queen Noor of Jordan was born.
1960 Lyricist/librettist Oscar Hammerstein II died.
1962 Actor Hoot Gibson died.
1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first ever photograph of Earth from the Moon.
1970 Actor River Phoenix was born.
1978 Basketball player Kobe Bryant was born.
2006 Jazz musician Maynard Ferguson died.
2016 Actor Steven Hill died.
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This page was last updated on September 21, 2017.