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Facts and Figures

Origin of Name "Barbados" derives from the Portuguese "as barbadas," which means the bearded ones and can refer either to the long, hanging roots of the island's bearded-fig trees or to the alleged beards of the native Carib inhabitants

location of Barbados

map of Barbados

Total Area 166 sq mi (430 sq km)
Highest Point Mount Hillaby; 1,102 ft (336 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas

Nationality Barbadian
Population (July 2015 est)
Ethnic Groups black, white, mixed
Languages English (official)
Religions Protestant, Roman Catholic
Largest Cities Bridgetown

Capital Bridgetown
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Current Constitution Adopted November 30, 1966
Chief of State
Queen Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952); represented by Governor General Sandra Mason (since January 8, 2018)
Head of Government Prime Minister
Mia Mottley (since May 25, 2018)
Cabinet appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister
Legislature bicameral Parliament
Judiciary Supreme Court, Court of Appeal
Local Government 11 parishes, 1 city

Currency Barbadian Dollar (BBD)
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries tourism,
sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Agricultural Products
sugarcane, vegetables, cotton
Export Commodities
manufactures, sugar, molasses, rum, other foodstuffs and beverages, chemicals, electrical components
Import Commodities
consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved November 30, 1966
National Holiday Independence Day, November 30

Puerto Rico
Queen Elizabeth II

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Barbados

This page was last updated on 07/20/2018.