The Robinson Library

The Robinson Library >> Arizona
Arizona Facts and Figures

Origin of Name "Arizona" is a Spanish interpretation of arizuma, an Aztec word meaning "silver-bearing." Also based on Pima word arizonac meaning "little spring place."

silhouette map of Arizona

Location one of the Southwestern States
Bordered By California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico

Arizona on the map

Total Area (rank) 114,006 sq mi (6th)
Greatest Distance E-W 240 mi
Greatest Distance N-S
395 mi
Geographic Center
55 miles east-southeast of Prescott
Highest Point
Humphreys Peak, 12,633 feet
Lowest Points
Colorado River in Yuma County; 70 feet

Population (rank) 6,626,624 (15th)
Largest Cities
Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale, Scottsdale, Chandler, Tempe, Gilbert, Peoria, Yuma, Flagstaff

Capital Phoenix
Local Administration 15 counties
U.S. Congress 2 Senators, 9 Representatives

Principal Industries copper and other mining, electric equipment, transportation equipment, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, electronics, tourism
Principal Manufactures
computer and electronic equipment, transportation equipment, chemicals, fabricated metal products, food products, machinery, primary metals
Agricultural Products
cotton, lettuce, nursery stock, hay; cattle, dairy products
Nonfuel Minerals
copper, gold, molybdenum, silver, coal

First Explored By Marcos de Niza, in 1539
First Permanent European Settlement
Tucson, in 1776
Admitted to Statehood (rank)
February 14, 1912 (48th)

See Also

New Mexico

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Arizona

This page was last updated on September 15, 2018.