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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> The New Southwest >> Arizona
Arizona on the mapsilhouette map of ArizonaArizona Facts and Figures

"Arizona" is a Spanish interpretation of arizuma, an Aztec word meaning "silver-bearing." Also based on Pima word arizonac meaning "little spring place."

Location one of the Southwestern States
Bordered By
California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico

Total Area (rank) 114,006 sq mi (6th)
Greatest Distance E-W 240 mi
Greatest Distance N-S
395 mi
Geographic Center
55 miles east-southeast of Prescott
Highest Point
Humphreys Peak, 12,633 feet
Lowest Points
Colorado River in Yuma County; 70 feet

Population (rank) 6,626,624 (15th)
Largest Cities
Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale, Scottsdale, Chandler, Tempe, Gilbert, Peoria, Yuma, Flagstaff

Capital Phoenix
Local Administration 15 counties
U.S. Congress 2 Senators, 9 Representatives

Principal Industries copper and other mining, electric equipment, transportation equipment, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, electronics, tourism
Principal Manufactures
computer and electronic equipment, transportation equipment, chemicals, fabricated metal products, food products, machinery, primary metals
Agricultural Products
cotton, lettuce, nursery stock, hay; cattle, dairy products
Nonfuel Minerals
copper,
gold, molybdenum, silver, coal

First Explored By Marcos de Niza, in 1539
First Permanent European Settlement
Tucson, in 1776
Admitted to Statehood (rank)
February 14, 1912 (48th)

SEE ALSO
California
Nevada
Utah
New Mexico

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> The New Southwest >> Arizona

This page was last updated on January 31, 2017.