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Alaska Facts and Figures

silhouette map of Alaska

Origin of Name The name Alaska is based on the Aleut word "alaxsxaq," which literally translates to "object toward which the ocean of the sea is directed," or, more simply, "the mainland."

Location extreme northwest "corner" of North America

Alaska on the map

Total Area (rank) 656,425 sq mi (1st)
Greatest Distance E-W
2,200 mi
Greatest Distance N-S
1,200 mi
Geographic Center
60 miles northwest of Mount McKinley
Coastline
6,640
Highest Point
Mount McKinley; 20,320 ft
Lowest Point
Pacific coast; sea level
Mineral Resources
petroleum, natural gas, zinc, gold, silver, tin, lead, sand and gravel

2014 Population (rank) 735,132 (47th)
Largest Cities
Anchorage (291,826), Fairbanks (31,535), Juneau (31,275), College (12,964), Sitka (8,881), Ketchikan (8,050), Wasilla (7,831), Kenai (7,100), Kodiak (6,130), Bethel (6,080)

Capital Juneau
U.S. Congressional Representation
2 Senators, 1 Representative
Local Administration
25 counties

Principal Industries petroleum, tourism, fishing, mining, forestry, transportation, aerospace
Principal Manufactures
fish products, lumber and pulp, furs
Agricultural Products
nursery stock, vegetables; seafood, dairy products, livestock

First Explored By Vitus Bering, in 1741
First Permanent Settlement
on Kodiak Island, by Russian fur traders, in 1784
Territorial Status Achieved
1912
Admitted to Union (rank)
January 3, 1959 (49th)

See Also

Mount McKinley
Fairbanks
Vitus Bering
January 3, 1959

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The Robinson Library >> Alaska

This page was last updated on September 15, 2018.