|Important Dates in Vermont
1609 Samuel de
Champlain claimed the Vermont region for France.
1666 The French built a fort dedicated
to Saint Anne on Isle La Motte in Lake Champlain.
1690 Jacobus de Warm led British
soldiers from Albany,
New York, to a point near the site of present-day
1749-1763 Benning Wentworth, royal
governor of New Hampshire, made 131 grants of Vermont
land (the New Hampshire Grants), despite the
fact that New York claimed the same land.
1754 Massachusetts established Fort
Dummer, the first permanent white settlement in the
1763 England gained control of Vermont
as a result of the French
and Indian War.
1764 England recognized land grants made
by New York and ordered settlers who held New Hampshire
Grants to either surrender their land or pay New York for
1770 Settlers who held New Hampshire
Grants formed the Green Mountain Boys to defend their
1775 The Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan
Allen, captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British in
the Revolutionary War.
1777, January 15 Vermont settlers
declared their territory an independent republic and
named it New Connecticut.
1777, August 16 The Battle
of Bennington was fought.
1790 Vermont settled its land dispute
with New York by paying that state $30,000.
1791, March 4 Vermont became the 14th
1823 The opening of the Champlain
Canal created a water route from Lake Champlain to New
York's Hudson River.
1864 Confederate soldiers raided St.
Albans in the northernmost land action of the Civil War.
1911 Vermont became the first state
with an official publicity bureau to attract tourists.
and Indian War
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