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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> Gulf States >> Alabama
Important Dates in Alabama

Historic Alabama

1519 Alonso Álvarez de Piñeda of Spain probably sailed into Mobile Bay.
1540 Hernando de Soto explored much of what is now Alabama.
1559 Tristán de Luna established several temporary settlements in what is now Alabama.

1702 French Canadians founded Fort Louis on the Mobile River. In 1711, the colony moved to what is now Mobile.
1763 France gave the Alabama region to Great Britain.
1783 Great Britain gave the United States much of the territory that became Alabama, but gave the Mobile region to Spain.
1795 The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of San Lorenzo el Real, setting the southern boundary of the United States at the 31st parallel, across Alabama.

1813 The United States captured Mobile Bay from Spain.
1814 The Creek Indians surrendered nearly half the present state of Alabama to the United States.
1817 The Alabama Territory was created.
1819, December 14 Alabama became the 22nd state.
1861, January 11 Alabama seceded from the Union and became the Republic of Alabama.
1861, February 8 Alabama joined the Confederacy.
1868, June 25 Alabama was readmitted to the Union.
1880 The state's first blast furnace began operating in Birmingham.

1901 The present state constitution was adopted.
1956 A federal court ordered Montgomery to desegregate its public bus system.
1960 The George C. Marshall Space Flight Center was established in Huntsville.
1965 Martin Luther King, Jr., led a march from Selma to Montgomery to demonstrate Negro demands for an end to discrimination in voter registration.
1974 George C. Wallace became the first Alabama Governor to be elected to a third term.

SEE ALSO
Hernando de Soto
Confederate States of America
George C. Wallace

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> Gulf States >> Alabama

This page was last updated on September 25, 2017.