|Important Dates in Alabama
1519 Alonso Álvarez de Piñeda of
Spain probably sailed into Mobile Bay.
1540 Hernando de Soto
explored much of what is now Alabama.
1559 Tristán de Luna established
several temporary settlements in what is now Alabama.
1702 French Canadians founded Fort
Louis on the Mobile River. In 1711, the colony moved to
what is now Mobile.
1763 France gave the Alabama region to
1783 Great Britain gave the United
States much of the territory that became Alabama, but
gave the Mobile region to Spain.
1795 The United States and Spain signed
the Treaty of San Lorenzo el Real, setting the southern
boundary of the United States at the 31st parallel,
1813 The United States captured
Mobile Bay from Spain.
1814 The Creek Indians surrendered
nearly half the present state of Alabama to the United
1817 The Alabama Territory was created.
1819, December 14 Alabama became the
1861, January 11 Alabama seceded from
the Union and became the Republic of Alabama.
1861, February 8 Alabama joined the Confederacy.
1868, June 25 Alabama was readmitted to
1880 The state's first blast furnace
began operating in Birmingham.
1901 The present state constitution
1956 A federal court ordered Montgomery
to desegregate its public bus system.
1960 The George C. Marshall Space Flight
Center was established in Huntsville.
1965 Martin Luther King, Jr., led a
march from Selma to Montgomery to demonstrate Negro
demands for an end to discrimination in voter
1974 George C.
Wallace became the first Alabama Governor to be
elected to a third term.
Hernando de Soto
States of America
George C. Wallace
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