Dothan Landmarks Park (1992)
Dothan Landmark Park is dedicated to preserving
the cultural and natural heritage of the
Wiregrass region of southeast Alabama.
AMERICAN FOLK DANCE
Square Dance (1981)
Red Hills Salamander, Phaeognathus hubrichti
Thought to exist only in a 50,000-acre
area of southern Alabama, the third graders at
Fairhope Elementary School (guided by teachers
Susan Sims and Amy Jones) waged the campaign that
led to the Red Hills Salamander being designated
as the state amphibian.
Demopolis Christmas on the River Cook-Off
Purchased in 1853, this historic Bible was used
to swear in Jefferson Davis as the President
of the Confederate States of America on February
18, 1861. Each of Alabama's governors has used
this same Bible to be sworn in since 1853.
Flicker (aka Yellowhammer), Colaptes
"Yellowhammer" was applied to the
Confederate soldiers from Alabama after a company
of soldiers were seen wearing uniforms with bits
of brilliant yellow cloth on the sleeves, collars
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (1989)
So designated at the request of Selma, Alabama's
City Council (Selma is called The Butterfly
Capital of Alabama and Selma's mascot is the
COAT OF ARMS (1939)
The flags of Spain, France,
Great Britain and the Confederacy are bound by
the flag and shield of the United States. The
shield is supported on either side by bald
eagles, symbolic of courage. The crest is a model
of the Baldine, the ship that Iberville
and Bienville sailed from France to settle a
colony near present-day Mobile (1699). The motto
beneath the shield is "Audemus jura nostra
defendere" ("We dare defend our
Brown Shrimp, Peneaus
Students at Fairhope Elementary School waged the
campaign that led to the Brown Shrimp being
designated as the state crustacean.
"A crimson cross of St. Andrew on a field of
white" is the official description of
Alabama's state flag (patterned after the
Confederate battle flag).
These ancient whale fossils are most abundant in
Alabama, and the two most complete Basilosaurus
cetoides skeletons ever found are from
Alabama -- one is displayed at the McWane Center
in Birmingham and the other in the Smithsonian
Institutute in Washington, D.C.
Largemouth Bass (1975)
Wild Turkey (1980)
Star Blue Quartz (1990)
Alabama Theatre for the Performing Arts
Built in downtown Birmingham by Paramount Studios
in 1927 as a showcase for Paramount films and
home to "The Mighty Wurlitzer" organ,
the Alabama Theatre has hosted historic figures
of stage and screen such as John Barrymore, Roy
Rogers, and Tallulah Bankhead.
Racking Horse (1975)
A group of Alabama businessmen formed a
corporation and initiated the legal maneuverings
that were necessary to designate this horse as a
distinct breed. In 1971 the USDA recognized the Racking
Horse Breeders' Association of America,
thereby allowing a registry to be established to
perpetuate the racking horse breed.
AOHA Alabama State Championship Horse Show
The idea for a statewide horse show was the dream
of a man named Don Witt. The first horse show was
held in W. O. Crawford Arena in Montgomery in
September 1988 with 994 entries over a two-day
period. By 2002 the show had grown to three days
with over 2,000 entries. It is usually held at
Garrett Coliseum in Montgomery over Labor Day
weekend and is the second largest horse show east
of the Mississippi River.
Stockton Fall Horseshoe Tournament
Monarch Butterfly (1989)
West Indian Manatee, Trichechus
The mining of Hematite,
also known as red iron ore, was once the state's
most developed non-fuel mineral industry, and the
occurrence of hematite with nearby deposits of
coal and limestone led to the development of
Birmingham as an industrial center. From about
1840 to 1975, approximately 375 million tons of
iron ore were mined in Alabama, principally from
the Birmingham red-ore district.
"We Dare Defend Our Rights"
The idea for Alabama's state motto came from
Marie Bankhead Owen of the Alabama Department
of Archives and History while searching for a
phrase to be put on the state coat of arms
(completed in 1923). The motto was inspired by a
poem by the 18th-century author Sir William Jones
which includes the stanza,
"What constitutes a state? . . .
Men who their duties know,
but know their rights,
and knowing, dare maintain."
The motto was translated into Latin (Audemus
jura nostra defendere) by Professor W. B.
Saffold, of the University of Alabama.
"The Miracle Worker" (1991)
In 1962, the first
production of William Gibson's drama, The
Miracle Worker, was performed on the grounds
of Ivy Green, the birthplace of Helen Keller, and
it has been a part of the annual week-long Helen
Keller Festival ever since.
"The Incident at Looney's Tavern"
The Incident at
Looney's Tavern is a historically factual
musical drama staged in a 1500-seat amphitheatre
in Winston County. The drama is the story of
Christopher Sheats, a young Winston County school
teacher who led Winston County's struggle against
the South's secession prior to outbreak of the
Civil War. The play was first staged in a
shopping center parking lot as part of the 1987
Winston County Free State Festival.
Pine Burr Quilt (1997)
This quilt was made by Loretta Pettway Bennett,
daughter of Qunnie Pettway, a quilter from Gee's
Florence Renaissance Faire (1988)
Alabama Red-Bellied Turtle
The major source of Alabama marble is in an area
known as the "Sylacauga marble belt" in
Talladega County. The marble from this area has
been called the whitest marble in the world. Well
known for it's high-grade crystaline texture and
beauty, Alabama marble has been used in buildings
and monuments for over 160 years.
Fighting Tarpon, Tarpon
Designed in 1817 by the first governor of the
Alabama Territory (William Wyatt Bibb), the great
seal of Alabama displays the major rivers of the
state. The seal design is a map of the Alabama
and surrounding territories (now states).
This shell was named in honor of Kathleen Yerger
Johnstone, an amateur conchologist from Mobile
who made seashells popular through speeches and
Bama Soil Series (1997)
The Bama Soil Series
includes fine-loamy, siliceous, subactive, and
thermic Typic Paledults and occurs throughout the
state. The soil was chosen by the Professional
Soil Classifiers Association of Alabama.
Conecuh Ridge Alabama Fine Whiskey
The History of Conecuh Ridge Whiskey begins with
Clyde May, a moonshiner and bootlegger who from
the 1950s to the 1980s managed to produce around
300 gallons a week in a still of his own design
in the woods near Almeria.
Southern Longleaf Pine, Pinus
Peach, Prunus persica