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An Overview of Dwight D. Eisenhower's Administration

Throughout his presidency, Eisenhower faced many difficult decisions. Communist aggression in Asia, Africa, and Latin America caused one crisis after another, and Russian achievements in exploring space cast grave doubts on American scientific leadership. At home, fear of communist influence in government led to widespread loyalty investigations. and new civil rights laws aroused bitter disputes.

White House portrait by J. Anthony Wills
White House portrait of Dwight D. Eisenhower

Election of 1952   Election of 1958
Place of Nominating Convention Chicago
Ballot on Which Nominated
Democratic Opponent
Adlai E. Stevenson
Electoral Vote
442 to 89
Popular Vote
33,778,963 to 27,314,992
Age at Inauguration
  Place of Nominating Convention San Francisco
Ballot on Which Nominated
Democratic Opponent
Adlai E. Stevenson
Electoral Vote
457 to 73
Popular Vote
35,581,003 to 25,738,765
Age at Inauguration
His Vice-President and Cabinet
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
Christian A. Herter (1959)
Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey
Robert B. Anderson (1957)
Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson
Neil H. McElroy (1957)
Thomas S. Gates, Jr. (1959)
Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr.
William P. Rogers (1957)
Postmaster General Arthur E. Summerfield
Secretary of the Interior Douglas McKay
Frederick A. Seaton (1956)
Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson
Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks
Lewis L. Strauss (1958)
Frederick H. Mueller (1959)
Secretary of Labor Martin P. Durkin
James P. Mitchell (1953)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Oveta Culp Hobby
Marion B. Folsom (1955)
Arthur S. Flemming (1958)
United States Events During His Administration
States Admitted Alaska (1959), Hawaii (1959)
Population in 1961 181,700,000
1953 The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was created.
1953 Eisenhower proposed his "Atoms for Peace" plan.
1953 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed as Russian spies.
1953 Senator Joseph R. McCarthy headed a Congressional search for communists in the government.
1954 The Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional.
1955 The American Federation of Labor (AFL) merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (ILO).
1955 A plant at Arco, Idaho, produced the first atomic-powered electricity for public use in America.
1957 Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce school integration.
1957 The Shippingport Nuclear Power Plant became the first full-scale, purely commercial nuclear plant in the United States.
1958 The first American space satellite, Explorer I, was launched.
1958 Unknowns from World War II and Korea were interred at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery.
1958 A change in the design of the Lincoln penny was approved.
1958-1959 U.S. airlines began jet passenger service.
1961 The United States ended diplomatic relations with Cuba.
World Events During His Administration
March 5, 1953 Premier Joseph Stalin of Russia died.
July 27, 1953 The Korean War ended.
1954 Eight nations organized the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
1955 Eisenhower held a "summit" conference at Geneva with leaders of France, Great Britain, and Russia.
1955 The polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk was declared safe.
1957 Russia launched the world's first artificial satellite.
1959 Fidel Castro became premier of Cuba.
1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway was completed by the United States and Canada.
May 1, 1960 A U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.

See Also

Richard M. Nixon
John Foster Dulles
Christian A. Herter
William P. Rogers
Ezra Taft Benson
Lewis L. Strauss
Arthur S. Flemming
Shippingport Nuclear Power Plant
Explorer I
Tomb of the Unknowns
Lincoln Penny
Joseph Stalin
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
Fidel Castro
Jonas Salk
St. Lawrence Seaway

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The Robinson Library >> Dwight D. Eisenhower's Administration

This page was last updated on December 10, 2018.