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An Overview of Herbert Hoover' Administration

White House portrait by Elmer W. Greene
White House portrait of Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover was an extremely successful business man and public official when he was elected President in 1928. He entered the White House at a time of great prosperity, and Americans expected him to lead them on to even better days. Unfortunately, seven months after he took office, the stock market crashed and the Great Depression began.

Although neither Hoover nor his policies had anything to do with the stock market crash and resultant Depression, he became the focus of the public's wrath. He appeared to act slowly in the emergency, but in reality he was the first President to use the power of the federal government to fight a depression. His own personal wealth undoubtedly made it even harder for him to appear concerned about the economic plight of average Americans, and he was resoundingly defeated by Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1932.

Election of 1928
Candidate

Herbert Clark Hoover
Alfred E. Smith

Popular Vote

21,429,109
15,005,497

Electoral Vote

444
87

His Vice-President and Cabinet
Vice-President Charles Curtis
Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson
Secretary of the Treasury Andrew W. Mellon
Ogden L. Mills (1932)
Secretary of War Dwight F. Davis
James W. Good (1929)
Patrick J. Hurley (1929)
Attorney General John G. Sargent
William D. Mitchell (1929)
Postmaster General Harry S. New
Walter F. Brown (1929)
Secretary of the Navy Curtis D. Wilbur
Charles F. Adams (1929)
Secretary of the Interior Roy O. West
Ray L. Wilbur (1929)
Secretary of Agriculture William M. Jardine
Arthur M. Hyde (1929)
Secretary of Commerce William F. Whiting
Robert P. Lamont (1929)
Roy D. Chapin (1932)
Secretary of Labor James J. Davis
William N. Doak (1930)
U.S. Events During His Administration
Population in 1933 125,600,000
April 1929 The Federal Farm Board was established by Congress.
October 29, 1929 The stock market crashed.
1932 The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established by Congress.
June 1932 The "Bonus Army" of unemployed war veterans marched on Washington, D.C.
1933 The 20th Amendment to the Constitution changed the inauguration date from March 4th to January 20th.
World Events During His Administration
1930 The London Conference limited the size of ships and navies.
1931 The United States declared a moratorium on World War I debts.
1931 The "Second Republic" was founded in Spain.
1931 Japanese troops invaded and occupied Manchuria.
1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.

Notes and Trivia

Hoover was the first self-made multi-millionarie to become President.

Sources

The American President www.americanpresident.org
Presidents of the United States www.ipl.org
The White House www.whitehouse.gov

See Also

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Alfred E. Smith
Charles Curtis
Andrew W. Mellon

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The Robinson Library >> Herbert Hoover's Administration, 1929-1933

This page was last updated on December 08, 2018.