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THEODORE ROOSEVELT

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt was a man of great energy, and practiced what he called the "strenuous life." He enjoyed horseback riding, swimming, hunting, hiking, and boxing. As commander of the fearless Rough Riders, Roosevelt became a national hero during the Spanish-American War in 1898, leading the famous cavalry regiment against the Spaniards in Cuba. He came home and won election as Governor of New York. Two years later, he was elected Vice-President.

What makes Theodore Roosevelt's life even more remarkable is the fact that this very energetic adult was a rather puny and sickly child who fought a variety of childhood ailments.

Chronology of His Life and Career

  October 27, 1858 Born in New York City.
  1880 Graduated from Harvard University.
Sagamore Hill 1880 Bought land in Oyster Bay, New York, on which he built Sagamore Hill.
  October 27, 1880 Married Alice Hathaway Lee.
  1881 Elected to the New York State Assembly; re-elected in 1882 and 1883.
  February 14, 1884 Alice Hathaway Roosevelt died; Theodore's mother died.
Rancher 1884 Bought two cattle ranches on the Little Missouri River in the Dakota Territory.
  1886 Defeated in bid for Mayor of New York City.
  December 2, 1886 Married Edith Kermit Carow.
Civil Service Commissioner 1889 Appointed to the U.S. Civil Service Commission; re-appointed in 1893.
  1895 Named president of the Board of Police Commissioners in New York City.
  1896 Named Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
  1898 Led the Rough Riders in the Spanish-American War.
  1898 Elected Governor of New York.
  1900 Elected Vice-President of the United States.
President Theodore Roosevelt September 14, 1901 Became President upon the death of William McKinley.
  1904 Elected to a full term as President.
  1906 Received the Nobel Prize for Peace for his role in mediating an end to the Russo-Japanese War.
  1909-1910 Hunted big game in Africa.
  1912 Ran for President on the Progressive Party ticket.
  October 14, 1912 Shot while preparing to give a speech in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Roosevelt's grave January 6, 1919 Died at his home in Oyster Bay, New York.
Birthplace 1963 The Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site was established.

Books By Theodore Roosevelt

The Naval War of 1812
The Winning of the West
Strenuous Life
Theodore Roosevelt; an Autobiography

Notes and Trivia

Roosevelt was the first American to receive the Nobel Prize for Peace. He was also one of only two U. S. Presidents to be so honored -- the other being Jimmy Carter.

Links Of Interest

The West www.pbs.org
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site www.nps.gov/thrb/

See Also

Rough Riders
Spanish-American War
Cuba
New York City
William McKinley
Nobel Prize for Peace

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The Robinson Library >> Theodore Roosevelt's Administration

This page was last updated on August 30, 2018.