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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: General History and Description >> Late 19th Century, 1865-1900 >> Chester Alan Arthur's Administration, 1881-1885
An Overview of Chester Alan Arthur's Administration

Chester Alan Arthur became President after James Garfield died from an assassin's bullet. He had risen rapidly in the Republican Party machine of New York City. As Collector of the New York Custom House, he had taken full advantage of the spoils system, filling jobs based on party loyalty rather than merit. His actions contributed to graft and waste in the Custom House and led to his removal in 1878. As President, however, Arthur surprised the nation by the honesty and efficiency shown by his administration. The rampant dishonesty of previous administrations in the appointment of government officials led Congress to pass the Civil Service Act. Arthur signed the law and administered it favorably.

President Chester Alan Arthur

His Vice-President and Cabinet
Vice-President none
Secretary of State Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
Secretary of the Treasury Charles J. Folger
Walter Q. Gresham (1884)
Hugh McCulloch (1884)
Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln
Attorney General Benjamin H. Brewster
Postmaster General Timothy O. Howe
Walter Q. Gresham (1883)
Frank Hatton (1884)
Secretary of the Navy William H. Hunt
William E. Chandler (1882)
Secretary of the Interior Samuel J. Kirkwood
Henry M. Teller (1882)
U.S. Events During His Administration
Population in 1881 51,500,000
1883 The Brooklyn Bridge was completed.
1883 Standard time was adopted by the railroads.
1883 The Civil Service System was created by Congress.
1884 The world's first skyscraper, the Home Insurance Building, was built in Chicago.
World Events During His Administration
1882 Italy joined Germany and Astria-Hungary to form the Triple Alliance.
1882 Great Britain invaded and occupied Egypt.
1882 Robert Koch discovered the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
1884 The linotype was patented by Otto Mergenthaler.

SEE ALSO
James Abram Garfield
Robert Koch

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: General History and Description >> Late 19th Century, 1865-1900 >> Chester Alan Arthur's Administration, 1881-1885

This page was last updated on October 04, 2017.