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James Madison

James Madison served his country in many public offices in a career that spanned 40 years. Called "the Father of the Constitution," Madison planned the system of checks and balances that regulate the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the federal government. As a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, he proposed resolutions for organizing the Departments of State, Treasury, and War, drafted much of the first tariff act, and was largely responsible for drafting the Bill of Rights. While serving as Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State, the United States purchased the vast Louisiana Territory from France.

Chronology of His Life and Career

James Madison Birthplace March 16, 1751 Born at Port Conway, Virginia.
  1771 Graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University).
  1774 Elected to the Orange County, Virginia, Committee of Safety.
  1776 Served on a committee that drafted a new Virginia Constitution and the Virginia Declaration of Rights.
  1776 Served in Virginia's first Legislative Assembly.
  1778 Elected to the Governor's Council.
  1779 Elected to the Continental Congress.
  1783 Elected to the Virginia State Assembly.
Constitutional Convention 1787 Served at the Constitutional Convention.
The Federalist 1787 With Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, wrote a series of letters to newspapers favoring ratification of the Constitution that were published as The Federalist.
  1789 Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
Dolley Payne Todd Madison September 15, 1794 Married Dolley Payne Todd.
  1798 Drafted the Virginia Resolutions of 1798, proposing joint action by the states in declaring the Alien and Sedition Acts unconstitutional.
  1799 Elected to the Virginia State Assembly.
Secretary of State 1801 Appointed Secretary of State.
James Madison's Administration 1808 Elected President of the United States.
  1812 Re-elected President.
Montpelier 1817 Retired to Montpelier, his estate in Orange County, Virginia.
  1826 Became rector of the University of Virginia.
  1829 Served at the Virginia Constitutional Convention.
grave of James Madison June 28, 1836 Died at Montpelier.

See Also

Constitutional Convention
The Federalist
Dolley Payne Todd Madison
Secretary of State

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The Robinson Library >> James Madison's Administration

This page was last updated on August 30, 2018.