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An Overview of Thomas Jefferson's Administration

During Jefferson's two terms as President, the United States doubled in area, America preserved its hard-won neutrality while Napoleon's armies battled most of Europe, and Congress passed a law banning the slave trade.

official White House portrait of Thomas Jefferson, by Rembrandt Peale

Election of 1800   Election of 1804
Candidate
Thomas Jefferson
Aaron Burr
John Adams
Charles C. Pinckney
John Jay
Electoral Vote
73
73
65
64
1
Candidate
Thomas Jefferson
Charles C. Pinckney
Electoral Vote
162
14
Vice-Presidents and Cabinet
Vice-President Aaron Burr
George Clinton (1805)
Secretary of State James Madison
Secretary of the Treasury Samuel Dexter
Albert Gallatin (1801)
Secretary of War Henry Dearborn
Attorney General Levi Lincoln
John Breckinridge (1805)
Caesar A. Rodney (1807)
Secretary of the Navy Robert Smith
United States Events During His Administration
States Admitted Ohio (1803)
Territories Organized Orleans (1804), Louisiana (1805), Michigan (1805), Illinois (1809)
Population in 1809 7,040,000
1801-1805 The United States waged war against Tripoli to stop the Barbary pirates from molesting American ships in the Mediterranean.
1802 Congress established the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.
April 30, 1803 The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for about $15,000,000.
1803 Chief Justice John Marshall established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review in the Marbury v Madison decision.
1804 The 12th Amendment, providing for the separate elections of President and Vice-President, was proclaimed.
July 11, 1804 Vice-President Aaron Burr shot and killed former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1805 Lewis and Clark reached the Pacific Coast.
1806 Zebulon M. Pike explored the Rocky Mountains and sighted the Colorado peak that bears his name.
March 2, 1807 Congress prohibited the importation of African slaves into the United States.
December 12, 1807 Congress passed the Embargo Act, forbidding U.S. ships to carry goods to other nations.
1807 Robert Fulton demonstrated the first commercially successful steamboat, the Clermont, on the Hudson River.
1807 Aaron Burr was tried for treason and acquitted.
March 1, 1809 The Non-Intercourse Act was passed, nullifying the Embargo Act.
World Events During His Administration
1803 John Dalton proposed his atomic theory of matter.
1804 Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of the French.
1804 Richard Trevithick of Great Britain invented the steam locomotive.
1807 Great Britain abolished the slave trade throughout its colonies.

See Also

Louisiana Purchase
Aaron Burr
John Adams
Charles C. Pinckney
John Jay
Charles C. Pinckney
George Clinton
James Madison
Albert Gallatin
Ohio
Louisiana
Michigan
Illinois
United States Military Academy
John Marshall
Marbury v Madison
Alexander Hamilton
Zebulon M. Pike
Robert Fulton
John Dalton
Napoleon Bonaparte

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The Robinson Library >> Thomas Jefferson's Administration

This page was last updated on August 29, 2018.