August 20, 2014
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State of Bavaria
is the largest state in Germany, with an area of
27,197 square miles. Home to a number of
international corporations, the state has one of
the largest economies in all of Europe. The
capital and largest city is Munich.
developed a process for extracting vitamins from
food sources while doing research into a disease
called beriberi. His process resulted in the
isolation of what is now known as Vitamin B1, the
lack of which in a diet is a leading cause of
began buying and selling cheese in 1903 and by
1909 had established the foundations of what is
now the second largest food and beverage company
in the world. In 1916 he patented a process for
pasteurizing cheese so that it would resist
spoilage and could be shipped long distances.
"Cabezon" means "large head"
in Spanish, which is appropriate since the head
is the largest feature of this fish. The specific
name marmoratus refers to the marbled or
mottled appearance of the body, which can be
reddish, greenish, or bronze.
Bunting (Passerina ciris)
One of the most brilliantly colored songbirds of
North America, the male painted bunting has a
blue head and nape, bronze-green back, red rump
and underparts, and narrow red eye ring. The
female is a uniform bright yellow-green overall,
with a white eye ring.
served as a Progressive member of the U.S. House
of Representatives before becoming Mayor of New
York City, in which office he served from 1933 to
1945. During his tenure as Mayor, he oversaw
major improvements to the city's infrastructure,
as well as to its police and fire departments.
"Caracal" is derived from the Turkish
word karakulak meaning black
ear, and it is easy to see why this cat is
so named. Each of the caracal's distinctive ears
is controlled by about 20 muscles that help these
hunters better determine where prey is hiding.
The prominent black ear tufts can be up to 1.75
Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
spent most of his political career unsuccessfully
pushing for parliamentary reform. He finally
achieved his goal after being named Prime
Minister in 1830.
was sitting in with local bands by junior high
school and had formed his own band by high
school, but did not achieve national success
until age 21, after taking the stage at a
Hollywood nightclub as a last-minute replacement
for a jazz combo. A string of hit songs followed,
including "Secret Agent Man,"
"Poor Side of Town," and "Swayin'
to the Music."
is the deepest freshwater lake in the world, with
an average depth of 2,442 feet and maximm depth
of 5,712 feet. Lying in a rift that began forming
about 20-25 million years ago, it is also the
oldest lake in the world.